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福师《现代语言学》在线作业一-0002

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福师《现代语言学》在线作业一-0002


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1.( ) is the study of speech, focusing specially on the relation between discourse and its contexts.
A.Pragmatics
B.Discourse analysis
C.Dialectology
D.Morphology
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2.( ) is the science that studies how speech sounds are used in language to convey meanings.
A.Phonetics
B.Phonology
C.Morphology
D.Dialectology
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3.The transformational generative grammar was proposed by ( ).
A.Noam Chomsky
B.Jacobson
C.Haliday
D.Nida
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4.()refers to the juxtaposition of two elements which are semantically in opposition (or complementary) to each other
A.Collocation
B.Reiteration
C.Lexical cohesion
D.Coherence
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5.A ( ) is one that may be used to distinguish one speech sound from another.
A.perfomation
B.feature
C.distinctive feature
D.function
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6.Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals.
A.function
B.design features
C.importance
D.performance
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7.( ) refers to a variety of language which is appropriate for a particular situation
A.register
B.Style
C.genre
D.Form
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8.Which h of the following disciplines doen't belong to micro-linguistics?
A.Phonetics
B.Phonology
C.Morphology
D.Dialectology
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9.'The transformational generative grammar was proposed by ( ).
A.Noam Chomsky
B.Jacobson
C.Haliday
D.Nida
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10.( ) refers to the speed of speech.
A.Loudness
B.Stress
C.Tempo
D.Tone
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11.( ) is the study of the various aspects of the relation between language on the one hand and speakers and society on the other.
A.Pragmatics
B.Sociolinguistics
C.Syntax
D.Semantics
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12.The phones that can be grouped together as variants of one phoneme have to be ( ) similar
A.phonetically
B.phonologically
C.sound
D.seem
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13.'( ) refers to the perceived regularity of prominent units in speech.
A.Loudness
B.Rhythm
C.Tempo
D.Tone
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14.( )the main source of energy for speaking, initiating the airflow for speech, hence pulmonic airstream mechanism.
A.Mouth
B.Heart
C.Nose
D.Lung
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15.( ) is the bit of spoken or written language that is produced and sent to the receiver in a specific context.
A.Word
B.Sentence
C.Utterance
D.Morpheme
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16.() refers to the sameness in meaning between two or more words.
A.Synonymy
B.Polysemy
C.Homonymy
D.Antonymy
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17.( ) is the bit of spoken or written language that is produced and sent to the receiver in a specific context.
A.Word
B.Sentence
C.Utterance
D.Morpheme
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18.'The phones that can be grouped together as variants of one phoneme have to be ( ) similar
A.phonetically
B.phonologically
C.sound
D.seem
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19.( ) refers to regional phonological or phonetic distinctions in speech.
A.Accent
B.Dialect
C.Sentence
D.Utterance
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20.( ) refers to the speed of speech.
A.Loudness
B.Stress
C.Tempo
D.Tone
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21.The locutionary act ( ) refers to the act of saying something meaningful in a particular language
A.illocutionary act
B.locutionary act
C.perlocutionary act
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22.( )is a morphological variant of morpheme.
A.Allomorph
B.Word
C.Segment
D.Morph
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23.'( )is a morphological variant of morpheme.
A.Allomorph
B.Word
C.Segment
D.Morph
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24.( ) is the study of the relation between language and mind, especially language acquisition and learning, and language comprehension and prod uction.
A.Pragmatics
B.Phonology
C.Dialectology
D.Psycholinguistics
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25.'Language has ( ) that distinguish it from other semiotic systems used by humans and animals.
A.function
B.design features
C.importance
D.performance
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1.The critical age for language acquisition refers to the qualitative difference in language acquisition before and after the age around fifteen.
A.错误
B.正确
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2.Transformation rules don't have to follow a set order.
A.错误
B.正确
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3.At the sentential level, the comprehension of a sentence is realised through extracting the syntactic and semantic information of the sentence, interpreting the sentential meaning in the light of its contexts, and retaining some or all of the interpr
A.错误
B.正确
正确答案:false

4.Duality makes it possible for second/foreign language learning
A.错误
B.正确
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5.Grammatical morpheme must be a bound morpheme.
A.错误
B.正确
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6.Hyponymy (p.226) refers to the sense relation between a more general word and a more specific word.
A.错误
B.正确
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7.'Juncture refers to the features that help making a divisional contrast in meaning and that only involves pause.
A.错误
B.正确
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8.Stress refers to the feature that is determined solely by the amplitude of the vibration of the sound-wave.
A.错误
B.正确
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9.Phonemics intends to find out the sound system functioning in individual languages .
A.错误
B.正确
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10.Affix hopping refers to the bound morphemes in the verb group hop backward to join the following member in the verb group.
A.错误
B.正确
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11.'Field theory suggests that lexical meanings are not exclusive and mutually independent.
A.错误
B.正确
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12.Utterance meaning includes not only the relevant sentential meaning(s) but also various meanings determined by the contexts where the utterance takes place.
A.错误
B.正确
正确答案:false

13.Rreferences of different kinds or types cannot co-occur in the same sentence.
A.错误
B.正确
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14.Reference relates linguistic forms to some other related linguistic forms
A.错误
B.正确
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15.English is a tone language.
A.错误
B.正确
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16.Idiolect refers to the unique linguistic system of an individual speaker
A.错误
B.正确
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17.Diphthong is treated as two vowels .
A.错误
B.正确
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18.Stress may play different functions in different languages.
A.错误
B.正确
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19.'Language is entirely arbitrary.
A.错误
B.正确
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20.Sentence is a unit in semantics and its meaning is formed on the principle of compositionality.
A.错误
B.正确
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21.Linguistic competence refers to the ability based on the acquisition of the system of language use, regarding all the components of communicative events, together with attitudes and beliefs about them, and which may enable the speaker to participate in
A.错误
B.正确
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22.Articulatory phonetics that studies speech sounds from a physical point of view, focusing on their physical properties in transmission.
A.错误
B.正确
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23.'Traditional notional grammar is a bottom-up approach,
A.错误
B.正确
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24.A simple sentence consists of a single clause which contains a subject and a predicate and stands alone as its own sentence.
A.错误
B.正确
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25.A locutionary act is the act of conveying literal meaning by means of syntax, lexicon, and phonology.
A.错误
B.正确
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